García-Vega, María Kneller, Richard Stiebale, Joel
Year of Publication:
DICE Discussion Paper 355
We analyze the effect of a labor market reform on firms' product innovation. The re- form, which amounts to a natural experiment, differentially reduced firing costs for some firms, thereby lowering adjustment costs in the presence of demand uncertainty. Using a difference-in- differences framework, we show that the reform increased product innovations. We also provide evidence that the reform induced upgrading of product quality and enabled firms to grow faster and enter new markets. The effects are concentrated in industries with high levels of demand volatility and R&D intensity, where exible adjustments to unexpected shocks are important.
Innovation New products Productivity Labor market reform EPL