Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/178630
Authors: 
Casajus, André
Hüttner, Frank
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
ESMT Working Paper 18-03
Abstract: 
The Coleman Power of the Collectivity to Act (CPCA) is a popular statistic that reflects the ability of a committee to pass a proposal. Applying the Shapley value to this measure, we derive a new power index that indicates each voter's contribution to the CPCA. This index is characterized by four axioms: anonymity, the null voter property, transfer property, and a property that stipulates that sum of the voters' power equals the CPCA. Similar to the Shapley-Shubik index (SSI) and the Penrose-Banzhaf index (PBI), our new index emerges as the expectation of being a pivotal voter. Here, the coalitional formation model underlying the CPCA and the PBI is combined with the ordering approach underlying the SSI. In contrast to the SSI, the voters are not ordered according to their agreement with a potential bill but according to their vested interest in it. Among the most interested voters, the power is then measured in a similar way as with the PBI. Although we advocate the CSI against the PBI to capture a voter's influence on whether a proposal passes, the CSI gives new meaning to the PBI. The CSI is the decomposer of the PBI, splitting it into a voter's power as such and as her impact on the power of the other voters by threatening to block any proposal. We apply the index to the EU Council and the UN Security Council.
Subjects: 
decomposition
Shapley value
Shapley-Shubik index
power index
Coleman Power of the Collectivity to Act
Penrose-Banzhaf index
EU Council
UN Security Council
JEL: 
C71
D60
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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