Kilponen, Juha Pisani, Massimiliano Schmidt, Sebastian Corbo, Vesna Hlédik, Tibor Hollmayr, Josef Hurtado, Samuel Júlio, Paulo Kulikov, Dmitry Lemoine, Matthieu Lozej, Matija Lundvall, Henrik Maria, José R. Micallef, Brian Papageorgiou, Dimitris Rysanek, Jakub Sideris, Dimitris Thomas, Carlos de Walque, Gregory
Year of Publication:
ECB Working Paper 1760
This paper employs fifteen dynamic macroeconomic models maintained within the European System of Central Banks to assess the size of fiscal multipliers in European countries. Using a set of common simulations, we consider transitory and permanent shocks to government expenditures and different taxes. We investigate how the baseline multipliers change when monetary policy is transitorily constrained by the zero nominal interest rate bound, certain crisis-related structural features of the economy such as the share of liquidity-constrained households change, and the endogenous fiscal rule that ensures fiscal sustainability in the long run is specified in terms of labour income taxes instead of lump-sum taxes.
fiscal policy model comparison output multipliers zero lower bound