Some years ago one would have predicted very different scenarios for Slovakia and Croatia. The difference was twofold. On the one hand, both paths have shaped significantly different from the previous expectations. On the other hand, the paths of the two have been very different from each other, although the initial conditions seem to be highly similar. After an inward-looking, nationalistic period, both Slovakia and Croatia has moved towards market economy and their political system has moved to consolidated democracy i.e., both countries has converged to the 'European model'2. The question arises how much of the changes has been the consequence of the EU-impact. The tool with which this paper tries to find the answer is the framework of Europeanization. We argue that the EU has played crucially important role of anchor in both countries. In Slovakia it gave an initial boost to a later 'self-propelling' process, while in Croatia it has been a continuous impulse that kept pushing the country to the track of Europeanization.