In order to provide a sustainable handling of increasing freight traffic, there is a need for the minimization of the central problems of air and noise pollution and especially the emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. This is especially true for the wholesale sector since it is one of the most important and transport intensive branches. Therefore, in science and politics, a significant future role of electric mobility in logistics is discussed. Funded by the State of North Rhine-Westphalia and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) the project partners FOM University of Applied Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), and the enterprises Handelshof, Noweda and Zentek investigate the operational change areas by using electric vehicles in their common project ERoute. In the field of wholesale business this research contribution examines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of implementing electric vehicles. The contribution uses the results of test drives and interviews that have been conducted within the project E-Route. Furthermore, the contribution shows an exemplary economic comparison between the purchase costs and the operating costs of an electric truck and a comparable conventional diesel truck. The value of this paper is to provide guidance for further research and to give information for companies who are interested in gaining information concerning the chances and risks of implementing e-vehicles to their existing transport fleet.