Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Makati City
This paper examines the effects of the reduction in tariff rates in the Philippines from 1994 to 2000 on unemployment, distribution and poverty using a CGE-microsimulation approach wherein the representative household assumption in the traditional CGE modeling is replaced with individual households. The approach allows one to model the link between trade reforms and individual household responses, and their feedback to the general equilibrium of the economy. The present paper incorporates the entire 24,797 households of the 1994 Family Income and Expenditure Survey.
unemployment income distribution computable general equilibrium (CGE) poverty tariff reform