Working Paper, Department of Business Policy and Logistics, University of Cologne 113
Purpose: We argue that the productive analyses of logistics alliances in the literature have led to a multitude of heterogeneous contributions. These should be consolidated and systematized in order to (a) synthesize the existing findings in a meaningful way and guide future research for effective design and management; and (b) improve logistics alliance performance in practice. Design/methodology/approach: We use a systematic literature review to screen and consolidate current knowledge on effective design and management of logistics alliances. Findings: This article categorizes the logistics literature on vertical and horizontal alliances into four key areas in order to systematically consolidate key performance factors, their sub-constructs and performance effects to identify implications for both research and practice. Research implications: Within our research agenda, we develop concrete research opportunities in four areas: horizontal logistics alliances; vertical logistics alliances; transfer of new research streams into the context of logistics alliances; and the incorporation of impediments and negative effects. Practical implications: By consolidating existing research results, we provide guidance for managers looking to establish or adapt logistics alliance structures and management systems. Originality/value: The consolidation of key performance impact factors on logistics alliances (both vertical and horizontal) provides a platform for further research. The developed agenda offers specific research opportunities to improve our understanding of logistics alliance performance.
strategic alliances logistics (business) collaboration cooperation 3PL Logistics Service Providers literature review