46th Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "Enlargement, Southern Europe and the Mediterranean", August 30th - September 3rd, 2006, Volos, Greece
According to the 1999-2000 Agricultural Census, while in the entire country 25% of all farm owners were women, in 14 provinces, that is in 27% of all the provinces, the percent of women was 30-51% of all farmers/owners. In the province of Kastoria, the increase in the percent of women farm owners was almost fourfold, from 8.4% in 1987 to 31.3% in 2000. A recent study of these women farm owners showed that the large majority of these women (81%)are not only smallholders but owners of large farms (even with more than 7.5 hectares), cultivate intensive crops and tobacco, are actively involved in farm management and are members of agricultural cooperatives. It is not possible for rural development planning to ignore these women farmers. The increasing feminization of agriculture in this province, and probably as well in other provinces and regions, indicates an endogenous development that needs to be built upon by further development actions in order to improve their competitiveness.