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Stöß, Elmar
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Diskussionspapier, Volkswirtschaftliche Forschungsgruppe der Deutschen Bundesbank 1996,09
The traditional monetary policy transmission mechanism is based on the fact that, in the wake of a restrictive monetary policy stance, the interest rate rises and that therefore interest-rate-related variables, such as corporate asset formation, decline or increase less sharply than at the given interest rate. For some years now economists - especially in the Anglo-Saxon countries - have been discussing the credit channel approach, which embraces the credit suppIy as well as the interest rate channel. A crucial factor in this context is that information between the lender and the borrower is asymmetric. This primarily affects small enterprises, whose creditworthiness is, as a rule, not as good as that of large firms and which are heavily reliant on bank credit. The credit channel theory states that, for small enterprises, a stricter monetary policy stance results in a higher cost of borrowed funds than for larger enterprises or even in credit rationing. The result is that this group of enterprises cuts its asset formation particularly sharply ...
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Working Paper

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