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Title:R&D disappearance in the period of economic transformation in Poland PDF Logo
Authors:Sulmicki, Jan
Issue Date:2011
Citation:[Journal:] e-Finanse: Financial Internet Quarterly [ISSN:] 1734-039X [Volume:] 7 [Year:] 2011 [Issue:] 4 [Pages:] 66-75
Abstract:Basing on official statistical data, the article presents changes in R&D taking place in Poland in 1975-2009. In 1975 the Polish centrally-planned economy held a strong position in Europe, especially if we measure it by the number of scientific and technical staff employed in research and development. After transition to a market economy, the level of employment in R&D continually decreased and in 2009 reached 40% of the level from 1975. At the same time, the European Union experienced growth of employment in R&D; for example in Spain R&D employment grew 17-fold (by 1688%).Poland will need to increase its innovativeness in order to effectively compete in the global economy.
Subjects:R&D
transformation
Poland
JEL:O1
Q01
Document Type:Article
Appears in Collections:e-Finanse: Financial Internet Quarterly

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