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Title:Optimal fiscal policy when migration is feasible PDF Logo
Authors:Occhino, Filippo
Issue Date:2005
Series/Report no.:Working papers // Department of Economics, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey 2005,07
Abstract:This paper investigates how the feasibility of migration affects governments' optimal fiscal policies. We assume that households migrate towards economies where their welfare is higher, governments choose taxes and public expenditures to maximize a weighted sum of the households' welfare, welfare is increasing in public expenditures, and only distortionary labor income taxes are available. In isolated economies, the optimal fiscal policy implies that some households are net fiscal contributors, while other households are net fiscal beneficiaries. When households can migrate, however, governments compete for the households which are net fiscal contributors, and modify the fiscal policy in their favor, lowering their taxes and net fiscal contribution, and increasing their welfare. The magnitude of the effect increases with the sensitivity of migration to welfare. In the limiting case of free mobility, all households are zero net fiscal contributors.
Subjects:Optimal fiscal policy
Ramsey equilibrium
Migration
Fiscal competition
Mobility
Fiscal burden
JEL:E62
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Working Papers, Department of Economics, Rutgers University

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