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|dc.description.abstract||This paper aims at explaining the role and importance of the evolution of institutions for sustainableagri-environments during the transition process by referring to examples of agri-environmental problemsfaced in Central and Eastern European countries. It is often stated that the replacement of institutionalstructures in post socialist countries would bring a unique opportunity to implement newpolicies and institutions needed to ensure that economic growth is environmentally sustainable. Thisidea stems from the assumption that the breakdown of the socialist system resembles that (of theSchumpeterian1 type) of creative destruction – a process that incessantly revolutionizes economicstructures from within. However, not all kinds of institutions, especially at local level, can simply beimplemented, and even more, not incessantly. Instead, they evolve as a response to ecosystem andsocial system characteristics, and this is a rather slow process. A central question therefore iswhether the required institutional arrangements for achieving sustainability in the area of agrienvironmentalresource management can be built more easily in periods of transition as they fillinstitutional gaps, or whether processes of transition make institution building a more difficult andfar more time consuming task than previously thought. Above all, we want to find out, how thesetwo processes of institution building at different scales affect the sustainable management of resourcessuch as water and biodiversity in agriculture? It will become clear that the agrienvironmentalproblem areas faced during transition are complex and dynamic and require adequateinstitutions both by political design and from the grassroots, to be developed by the respective actorsinvolved. Transition from centrally planned to pluralistic systems has to be considered as a particularand in some respect non-typical process of institutional change. Popular theories of institutionalchange do not necessarily apply. The privatisation experience from many CEE countries will serveas an example. Finally, we will provide some examples of missing or insufficient interaction betweenpolitical actors or agencies and people in CEE countries. Substantial investments into socialand human capital, particularly regarding informal institutions are needed for institutions of sustainabilityto evolve.||en_US|
|dc.relation.ispartofseries|||aCEESA discussion paper / Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences |x4||en_US|
|dc.title||The evolution of institutions in transition||en_US|
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