Karbowski, Adam Weresa, Marzenna Anna Rapacki, Ryszard Próchniak, Mariusz Graca-Gelert, Patrycja Radło, Jan Napiórkowski, Tomasz Czerniak, Adam Sum, Katarzyna Maszczyk, Piotr Mackiewicz, Marta Lewandowska, Małgorzata Kowalski, Arkadiusz Gołębiowski, Tomasz
Weresa, Marzenna Anna
Year of Publication:
This book is the latest in a series of annual studies of economic competitiveness, a concept that refers to sustainable economic growth, but also implies an ability to improve quality of life, strengthen a country’s position on foreign markets and increase its attractiveness to foreign investment. Competitiveness is closely linked to changes in productivity that influence the use of resources and have an impact on the production of goods and services offered on both the domestic and international markets. However, research studies today highlight some new aspects of competitiveness that go beyond economic performance. Changes in the productivity of material and non-material resources are viewed in the context of a social equilibrium and sustainable use of the environment, a perspective known as sustainable competitiveness. The definition of competitiveness is expanded to include other important elements that increase the well-being of societies.1 This book takes into account some elements of these new dimensions of sustainable competitiveness, especially those related to social sustainability. The main aim of this book is to determine Poland’s competitive position and to identify factors that determined its evolution in the period of 2010–2016. One of the factors of competitiveness analyzed in detail here is the internationalization of the Polish economy and its role in shaping the country’s competitive advantages. Competitiveness can be viewed from several perspectives: macroeconomic (i.e., of the economy as a whole), meso-economic (that of a region or industry), and microeconomic (that of an enterprise). This book focuses on the macroeconomic perspective and identifies Poland’s competitive position in comparison with other European Union member states, especially its peers in Central and Eastern Europe. All these countries became part of the EU after a period of transition from a centrally planned to a market economy, as a result of successive rounds of enlargement in 2004, 2007 and 2013.