The global use of delivery vehicles with combustion motors is increasingly responsible for air pollution and the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. For this reason, the use of electric vehicles is discussed in order to minimize the emissions of increasing freight traffic. In many publications a significant future role of electric mobility in the logistics sector is discussed. Especially in the field of reverse logistics high logistical and technical requirements do occur if enterprises make use of electric vehicles. This is particularly due to the large quantities of materials that have to be transported in this specific sector. Central restrictions of electric vehicles like the load weight and the range lead to modified delivery processes. These processes have to be examined to ensure the reliability of reverse logistics if electric vehicles are used. Funded by the State of North Rhine-Westphalia and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) the project partners FOM University of Applied Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE), and the enterprise Noweda and Zentek investigate the operational change areas by using electric vehicles in their common project E-Route. In the field of reverse logistics this research contribution examines the niche in which electric vehicles can be used efficiently. The value of this paper is to provide guidance for further research and to give information for companies who are interested in gaining information concerning the chances and risks of implementing e-vehicles to their existing transport fleet.