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Weiß, Hans-Jörg
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[Journal:] Wirtschaftsdienst [ISSN:] 1613-978X [Publisher:] Springer [Place:] Heidelberg [Volume:] 92 [Year:] 2012 [Issue:] 8 [Pages:] 547-553
Der straßengebundene öffentliche Personennahverkehr wurde bislang von Liberalisierungsbestrebungen ausgenommen. Im Personenbeförderungsgesetz sind objektive Marktzugangsbeschränkungen verankert, die lediglich im Fernverkehr, nicht aber im Nahverkehr abgebaut werden sollen. Der Autor untersucht, ob diese Marktzugangsbeschränkungen aus ökonomischer Sicht gerechtfertigt sind.
Abstract (Translated): 
In Germany the legal framework for operating road-based public passenger transport (bus, tram and underground) is quite restrictive. Competition is restricted by a route licensing regime, administered by state agencies. According to the Carriage of Passengers Act, an applicant has to meet several subjective and objective requirements. Two reform proposals to amend the Carriage of Passengers Act are currently debated in the German parliament. Both draft bills include an abolishment of the objective entry barriers for long-distance services, i.e. a liberalisation of the intercity bus markets. In contrast, the short-distance markets, e.g. urban and suburban bus transport, shall be exempted from entry liberalisation. The present article shows that this exemption is not justifi ed from a normative economic viewpoint.
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