[Journal:] Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung [ISSN:] 1861-1559 [Publisher:] Duncker & Humblot [Place:] Berlin [Year:] 2001 [Volume:] 70 [Issue:] 1 [Pages:] 128-134
My research examines within-nation differences as well as cross-national differences in socially stratified outcomes, specifically the distribution of household incomes. I build on the considerable empirical evidence suggesting that group memberships are important factors in shaping one' s life course and in determining the level of social inequality. I examine seven years of longitudinal data from Germany and the United States, 1991-1997 to demonstrate that gender issituated within other salient social categories such as race and marital status. These qualitative distinctions form status-based groups that organize the social hierarchy in which individual action is both enabled and constrained.