Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/98952
Authors: 
Flores-Lagunes, Alfonso
Timko, Troy
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 8234
Abstract: 
We examine the effect of participation in 4-H, the largest youth development program in the United States, on standardized test scores. We do this by utilizing grade-level longitudinal data on Florida's school districts from the Florida Department of Education combined with 4-H participation statistics from Florida 4-H. Specifically, we analyze the effect of the extent of 4-H participation for third through tenth grade on the mathematics and reading subtests of the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT). We use a difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) approach to control for potential confounders of the causal relationship at the level of school districts, grades, and years. Our results indicate that the extent of 4-H participation at the district-grade-year level is positively and significantly related to several measures of performance on the FCAT test.
Subjects: 
4-H program
Florida
standardized test scores
JEL: 
I21
I28
H52
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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