Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/98929
Authors: 
Kaletski, Elizabeth
Prakash, Nishith
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 8212
Abstract: 
This paper examines the impact of state level political reservation for two minority groups – Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes – on child labor in India. We estimate the effect of political reservation on child labor by exploiting the state variation in the share of seats reserved for the two groups in state legislative assemblies mandated by the Constitution of India. Using data from state and household level surveys on fifteen major Indian states, we find that at the household level, Schedule Tribe reservation decreases the incidence of child labor, while Scheduled Caste reservation increases the total number of children working. Our results survive a variety of robustness checks and potential explanations for the differential impact of SC and ST political reservation are also explored, including geographic isolation, caste fragmentation, support for the Congress Party, and decentralization of power.
Subjects: 
affirmative action
minorities
child labor
India
JEL: 
I38
J15
J22
J78
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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