Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/98357
Authors: 
Akresh, Richard
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
Center Discussion Paper 897
Abstract: 
Researchers claim that children growing up away from their biological parents may be at a disadvantage and have lower human capital investment. This paper measures the impact of child fostering on school enrollment and uses household and child fixed effects regressions to address the endogeneity of fostering. Data collection by the author involved tracking and interviewing the sending and receiving household participating in each fostering exchange, allowing a comparison of foster children with their non-fostered biological siblings. Foster children are equally likely as their host siblings to be enrolled after fostering and are 3.6 percent more likely to be enrolled than their biological siblings. Relative to children from non-fostering households, host siblings, biological siblings, and foster children all experience increased enrollment after the fostering exchange, indicating fostering may help insulate poor households from adverse shocks. This Pareto improvement in schooling translates into a long-run improvement in educational and occupational attainment.
Subjects: 
Human capital investment
Child fostering
Household structure
JEL: 
J12
I20
O15
D10
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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