Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/98215
Authors: 
Bryan, Gharad
Chowdhury, Shyamal
Mubarak, Ahmed Mushfiq
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
Center Discussion Paper, Economic Growth Center 1032
Abstract: 
Hunger during pre-harvest lean seasons is widespread in the agrarian areas of Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. We randomly assign an $8.50 incentive to households in rural Bangladesh to out-migrate during the lean season. The incentive induces 22% of households to send a seasonal migrant, their consumption at the origin increases significantly, and treated households are 8-10 percentage points more likely to remigrate 1 and 3 years after the incentive is removed. These facts can be explained qualitatively by a model in which migration is risky, mitigating risk requires individual-specific learning, and some migrants are sufficiently close to subsistence such that failed migration is very costly. We document evidence consistent with this model using heterogeneity analysis and additional experimental variation, but calibrations with forward-looking households that can save up to migrate suggest that it is difficult for the model to quantitatively match the data. We conclude with extensions to the model that could provide a better quantitative accounting of the behavior.
Subjects: 
Seasonal Migration
Bangladesh
Risk
JEL: 
O1
O15
J61
R23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.