Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/96910
Authors: 
Chatterji, Pinka
Kim, Dohyung
Lahiri, Kajal
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 4786
Abstract: 
Research has shown that birthweight has a lasting impact on later-life outcomes such as educational attainment and earnings. This paper examines the role of health at birth in determining academic achievement in childhood, which may provide the link between birthweight and adult outcomes. Using three waves of the PSID-CDS data over 1997-2009, we build on the literature by employing fetal growth rate as a proxy for nutritional intake in utero and propose a nested error-component two-stage least squares (NEC2SLS) estimator that draws on internal instruments from alternative dimensions of the multi-level panel data set. In particular, this alternative estimator allows us to exploit the information on children with no siblings in the sample, which comprises over 40 percent of the observations in our sample, as well as to obtain coefficient estimates for the time-invariant variables such as race and maternal education. This would not be feasible with the usual mother fixed effects estimation. We obtain modest but significant effects of fetal growth rate on math and reading scores, with the effects concentrated in the low birthweight range. Infant health measures appear to explain little of the well-documented racial disparity in test scores.
Subjects: 
birthweight
academic achievement
hierarchical panel data
nested error component 2SLS
mother fixed effects
racial disparity
mother’s education
PSID-CDS
JEL: 
C23
C26
I10
I14
J15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.