Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/96898
Authors: 
Farhani, Sahbi
Mrizak, Sana
Chaibi, Anissa
Rault, Christophe
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 4787
Abstract: 
In recent years, sustainability has represented one of the most important policy goals explored in the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) literature. But related hypotheses, performance measures and results continue to present a challenge. The present paper contributes to this ongoing literature by studying two different EKC specifications for 10 Middle East and North African (MENA) countries over the period 1990–2010 using panel data methods. For the first specification, namely EKC, we show that there is an inverted U-shape relationship between environmental degradation and income; while for the second specification, namely modified EKC (MEKC), we show that there is an inverted U-shape relationship between sustainability and human development (HD). The relationships are shaped by other factors such as energy, trade, manufacture added value and the role of law. More interestingly, findings from the estimation show that EKC hypothesis, HD and sustainability are crucial to build effective environmental policies.
Subjects: 
environmental Kuznets Curve
sustainability
panel data analysis
JEL: 
Q43
Q50
Q56
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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