Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/96417
Authors: 
Strulik, Holger
Werner, Katharina
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion Papers, Center for European Governance and Economic Development Research 205
Abstract: 
For most of human history there existed a well-educated and innovative elite whereas mass education, market R&D, and high growth are phenomena of the modern period. In order to explain these phenomena we propose an innovation-driven growth model for the very long run in which the individual-specific return to education is conceptualized as an compound of cognitive ability and family background. This allows us to establish a locally stable steady state at which family background determines whether an individual experiences education and a locally stable steady state at which education is determined by cognitive ability. Compulsory schooling can move society from elite education to mass education. An interaction between education and life expectancy explains why the education period gets longer with ongoing economic development. Embedding this household behavior into a macro-economy we can explain different paths to modern growth: According to the Prussian way, compulsory education is implemented first and triggers later on the onset of market R&D and modern growth. According to the British way, market R&D and the take off to growth is initiated without mass education, which is triggered later by technical progress and economic development.
Subjects: 
long-run growth
elite education
compulsory education
longevity
R&D
JEL: 
I24
J24
O30
O40
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
521.82 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.