Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/96288
Authors: 
Bryceson, Deborah Fahy
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Working Paper 2014/008
Abstract: 
Over the last fifteen years many African countries have experienced a mining take-off. Mining activities have bifurcated into two sectors: large-scale, capital-intensive production generating the bulk of the exported minerals, and small-scale, labour-intensive artisanal mining, which, at present, is catalyzing far greater immediate primary, secondary and tertiary employment opportunities for unskilled African labourers. Youth residing in mining settlements, have a large vested interest in the current and future development of mining. Focusing on Tanzania as typical of the emerging new mineralizing Africa, this paper, examines youth's role in mining based on recent fieldwork in the country's northwestern gold fields. Youth's current involvement in mining as full-fledged, as opposed to part-time, miners is distinguished. The attitudes of secondary school students towards mining as a form of employment and its impact on economic and social life in mining communities are discussed within the context of the uneasy transitions from an agrarian to a mining-based country, from rural to urban lifestyles, and the growing scope and power of foreign-directed, capital-intensive, corporate mining relative to local labour-intensive artisanal mining.
Subjects: 
Africa
artisanal mining
education
employment
generational change
gold
JEL: 
O17
O18
Q33
R23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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