Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/93988
Authors: 
Münster, Johannes
Year of Publication: 
2006
Series/Report no.: 
SFB/TR 15 Discussion Paper 118
Abstract: 
This paper studies sabotage in tournaments with at least three contestants, where the contestants know each other well. Every contestant has an incentive to direct sabotage specifically against his most dangerous rival. In equilibrium, contestants who choose a higher productive effort are sabotaged more heavily. This might explain findings from psychology, where victims of mobbing are sometimes found to be overachieving. Further, sabotage equalizes promotion chances. The effect is most pronounced if the production function is linear in sabotage, and the cost function depends only on the sum of all sabotage activities: in an interior equilibrium, who will win is a matter of chance, even when contestants differ a great deal in their abilities. This, in turn, has adverse consequences for who might want to participate in a tournament. Since better contestants anticipate that they will be sabotaged more strongly, it may happen that the most able stay out and the tournament selects one of the less able with probability one. I also study the case where some contestants are easy victims, i.e. easier to sabotage than others.
Subjects: 
tournament
contest
sabotage
selection
JEL: 
M51
J41
J29
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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