Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/93676
Authors: 
Pérez Niño, Helena
Le Billon, Philippe
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Working Paper 2013/102
Abstract: 
Sharing similar colonial and post-independence civil war experiences, Mozambique and Angola's development paths are often contrasted, with foreign aid-dependent Mozambique hailed a success compared to oil rentier Angola. This paper questions the so-called Mozambican miracle and contrasts it with Angola's trajectory over the past two decades. Paying attention to the political trajectory of the ruling parties as well as the different timing and conditions linked to the post-war political economy transition, we discuss differences and similarities in the post-conflict reconstruction trajectory, policy space, and relative institutional fragility. We suggest that large aid flows to Mozambique have contributed to a relaxation of its government's urgency in creating the financial structure capable of capturing rents from natural resources in contrast to Angola, while the relative absence of official development aid has led Angolan elites to seek tenure prolongation partly through high rent capture and incipient socialization of massive oil rents. We conclude by discussing the likely consequences of these factors in terms of the relative 'fragility' and 'robustness' of both states, and discuss implications for foreign assistance.
Subjects: 
Angola
foreign aid
fragile states
Mozambique
oil
rents
JEL: 
N47
P45
P48
P52
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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