Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/92288
Authors: 
Fang, Hai
Eggleston, Karen N.
Rizzo, John A.
Zeckhauser, Richard J.
Year of Publication: 
2013
Citation: 
[Journal:] IZA Journal of Labor & Development [ISSN:] 2193-9020 [Publisher:] Springer [Place:] Heidelberg [Volume:] 2 [Year:] 2013 [Pages:] 1-25
Abstract: 
Data on 2,355 married women from the 2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey are used to study how female employment affects fertility in China. China has deep concerns with both population size and female employment, so the relationship between the two should be better understood. Causality flows in both directions; hence, we use a plausible instrumental variable to isolate the effect of employment on fertility. Female employment reduces a married woman's preferred number of children by 0.35 on average and her actual number by 0.50. Ramifications for China's one-child policy are discussed.
Subjects: 
Fertility
Female labor supply
Employment in China
Employment and fertility
One-child policy
JEL: 
J13
J18
O15
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
Document Type: 
Article
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