Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/91750
Authors: 
Hoareau, Cécile
Ritzen, Jo
Marconi, Gabriele
Year of Publication: 
2012
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Policy Paper 51
Abstract: 
Higher education contributes to economic innovation. This study measures and compares the extent to which national governments’ policies foster this contribution across Europe. The study stresses the relevance of policies which are ‘empowering’ for higher education institutions, or in other words provide them with appropriate resources and regulatory environments. The assessment relies on quantitative scores, based on the contribution of policies regarding funding and autonomy to higher education performance in education, research and economic innovation, using non-arbitrary weights and eighteen policy indicators across 32 European countries. A large number of countries belong to a ‘middle group’ in our overall assessment, indicating a relative cohesion in Europe. Yet, substantial variations exist in terms of higher education policy in Europe, each European country having room for policy improvement.
Subjects: 
higher education
research
innovation
Europe
public policy
institutions
JEL: 
I23
I28
J24
L38
O31
O38
O43
O52
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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