Fornazier, Armando Vieira Filho, José Eustáquio Ribeiro
Year of Publication:
Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 1708
The Brazilian agriculture has an international recognition for producing and exporting many products, but at the same time that Brazil has inserted into a modern agribusiness production chains, many farmers are in a situation of rural poverty, producing only for subsistence. This phenomenon of modern living with the late called structural heterogeneity (SH) was already described in the 1970s by the school of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), both at the level between countries and between sectors and even within the same sector. Many factors may contribute to SH, since the implementation of agricultural policies, climate causes, organization, and social, among others. However, the technology also has a great importance on reducing or deepens the SH, in that it allows you to optimize production, making a better combination of factors, for example, saving land and capital. This paper seeks to analyze the SH in Brazilian agricultural sector based on data from the 2006 Agricultural Census. The heterogeneity is not only the condition of being big or small producer, but other characteristics such as cultural, geographical, limatic, and others can cause these disparities. However, the technology may be able to reverse disparities or deepen them to the extent that there is no the perfect access or technological diffusion among the set of productive agents. One must also take to consider other characteristics such as social organization, learning and cooperation of producers.