Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 1464
This article analyses the evolution and the composition of gross aggregate tax burden and government transfers in Brazil and their relationships with equity and income distribution for the period 1995-2008. Along this period, gross aggregate tax burden grew considerably motivated by the different economic scenarios and policies. According to the empirical evidences from the literature, the growth in the aggregate tax burden increased the regressiveness of the tax system. On the other hand, it also allowed the growth of government transfers, which are possibly related to the improvement of income distribution in Brazil along the recent period. We also examine the evolution and the composition of gross aggregate tax burden and the government transfers in the first half of 2009, after the extension of the 2008 international financial crisis through the Brazilian economy.