Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 1599
This paper describes the process of trade liberalization in the telecommunications industry implemented from the mid-1990s and examines how such a measure, which allowed foreign capital an important role in the control of operators, associated with the privatization program affected the performance and structure market this activity. As a result the investments increased from 5.2% of gross capital formation in 1996 to 10% in 2001, then decreased reaching around 3% in 2009, with foreign direct investment of US$ 41 billion. The number of accesses in services between 1996 and 2009 has increased in fixed telephony 14 million for 41 million, in mobile telephony 3 million to 174 million and in broadband 1 000 to 11 million. In the period 2005-2009, there was a fall in the real price of around 7%. However, not all goals were achieved mainly at the level of competition among operators.