Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/90684
Authors: 
Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
WTO Staff Working Paper ERSD-2003-03
Abstract: 
This paper analyses how trade affects women's job opportunities and earnings through five case studies: Mauritius, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines and Sri Lanka. It is found that women's share of the labour force has increased over time and the wage gap between men and women has narrowed. It is also found that there is a positive and statistically significant relation between exports and women's share of employment while there is a statistically significant and negative correlation between women's share in employment and imports. The correlation between women's share of employment and trade stems from variation between sectors rather than within sectors over time, indicating that export-competing industries tend to employ women while import-competing industries tend to employ men. Trade liberalization is likely to create jobs for women and over time increase their relative wages.
Subjects: 
Gender
trade liberalization
JEL: 
F14
F16
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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