Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/90504
Authors: 
Hernandez, Diego
Rudolph, Alexandra
Year of Publication: 
2011
Series/Report no.: 
Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 97
Abstract: 
At a time of increased attention on the international agenda for human trafficking, this paper examines the determinants of human trafficking inflows to 13 European countries based on official records. By employing a fixed effects zero-inflated, negative binomial gravity-type model, we address data characteristics appropriately. The econometric analysis suggests that human trafficking occurs in well established routes for migrants and refugees. Victims are more likely to be transported to, and exploited in, host countries with suboptimal institutional quality levels. Countries whose nationals do not require a visa for short term visits are especially prone to being potential source countries. Legal status and regulation of commercial sex services does not affect the pattern of trafficking flows.
Subjects: 
Human Trafficking
Gravity Model
Illegal Migration
International Organized Crime
JEL: 
F22
J61
K14
K42
O17
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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