Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/90126
Authors: 
Cobb-Clark, Deborah A.
Jha, Nikhil
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Paper 7551
Abstract: 
The school resources – educational outcomes debate has focused almost exclusively on spending levels. We extend this by analysing the relationship between student achievement and schools' budget allocation decisions using panel data. Per-pupil expenditure has only a modest relationship with improvement in students' standardised test scores. However, budget allocation across spending categories matters for student achievement, particularly in grade 7. Ancillary teaching staff seems especially important in primary- and middle-school years. Spending on school leadership – primarily principals – is also linked to faster growth in literacy levels in these grades. On the whole, schools' spending patterns are broadly efficient.
Subjects: 
educational achievement
test scores
school resource allocation
JEL: 
I21
I22
I28
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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