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Autoren: 
Pestel, Nico
Sommer, Eric
Datum: 
2013
Reihe/Nr.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 7804
Zusammenfassung: 
Shifting taxes from labor income to consumption is regularly suggested as a measure to induce work incentives. We investigate the effect of increases in the Value Added Tax on labor supply and the income distribution in Germany, which is compensated by a revenue-neutral reduction in income-related taxes. Based on a dual data base and a microsimulation model of labor supply behavior, we confirm a general regressive impact of such a tax shift in the short run. When accounting for labor supply adjustments, the adverse distributional impact persists for personal income tax reductions, while the overall effects on inequality and progressivity become substantially lower when payroll taxes are reduced, which is due to increased work incentives, especially for low-income households.
Schlagwörter: 
income and payroll taxes
consumption taxes
microsimulation
labor supply
inequality
Germany
JEL: 
H21
H23
C63
D31
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper
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