Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89891
Authors: 
Lehmann, Hartmut
Zaiceva, Anzelika
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Paper 7844
Abstract: 
Informal activities impact countries' economic development and overall growth. However, studying informal employment is not easy and it is crucial to provide a valid definition of it. This paper contributes to the recent discussion of the measures of informality by taking advantage of a rich dataset on Russia over the period 2003 - 2011, that is before and after the economic downturn, together with a special supplement on informality that allows to construct different measures of informal employment and to analyze its determinants. We demonstrate that the incidence of informal employment varies across the different definitions. However, the determinants of informal employment are roughly stable across the different measures as long as we exclude firm size as a criterion. We also show that risk-averse individuals, as expected, are less likely to select themselves into informal employment.
Subjects: 
informal employment
definitions
incidence
determinants
Russia
JEL: 
J31
J40
P23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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