Ziebarth, Nicolas R. Schmitt, Maike Karlsson, Martin
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Paper 7875
This study comprehensively assesses the immediate effects of extreme weather conditions and high concentrations of ambient air pollution on population health. For Germany and the years 1999 to 2008, we link the universe of all 170 million hospital admissions, along with all 8 million deaths, with weather and pollution data reported at the day-county level. Extreme heat significantly increases hospitalizations and deaths. Extreme cold has a negligible effect on population health. High ambient PM10, O3 and NO2 concentrations are associated with increased hospitalizations and deaths, particularly when ignoring simultaneous weather and pollution conditions. We find strong evidence for harvesting, and that the instantaneous heat-health relationship is only present in the short-term. We calculate that one Hot Day with a temperature higher than 30 °C (86 °F) triggers short-term adverse health effects valued between $0.10 and $0.68 per resident.
register data hospital admissions mortality weather and pollution climate change