Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89645
Authors: 
Priks, Mikael
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 4481
Abstract: 
Although social pressure may affect the behavior of individuals, it is very hard to evaluate empirically. A soccer field is an attractive testing ground in the sense that both performance and social pressure by spectators are measurable. The drawback is that the number of spectators is an endogenous variable. To solve this problem, I use pre-game precipitation as an instrument for the number of spectators at Swedish soccer games as it reduces attendance but not relative performance on the field. I find that organized home supporters manage to generate home wins. Highly skilled athletes are consequently influenced by social pressure, which can also help explain the well-known home field advantage.
Subjects: 
social pressure
bias
home-field advantage
JEL: 
D80
J20
K40
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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