Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89572
Authors: 
Catela, Eva Yamila
Cimoli, Mario
Porcile, Gabriel
Year of Publication: 
2012
Series/Report no.: 
LEM Working Paper Series 2012/20
Abstract: 
This paper discusses the evolution of firms' productivity and structural heterogeneity (SH) in the Brazilian manufacturing industry in the 2000s. SH is defined (following the Latin American structuralist tradition) as a situation in which a large share of total firms is in the lowest productivity groups of the production structure, and there are very large differences in labour productivity between groups and firms. The paper combines and makes compatible several databases on manufacturing production, innovation and microsocial data for Brazil, in order to measure productivity and SH, to analyze its evolution between 2000 and 2008, and to discuss its determinants. Econometric analyses (k-means cluster methodology to identify productivity groups, and ordered probit models to analyse the determinants of SH) show that increasing returns in innovation and learning prevailed in the 2000s, while policies failed to encourage the catching up process by laggard firms. As a result, SH did not fall in the Brazilian manufacturing sector.
Subjects: 
structural heterogeneity
technological change
productivity growth
technological asymmetries
JEL: 
L22
L25
O33
O31
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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