Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89416
Authors: 
Coad, Alex
Rao, Rekha
Tamagni, Federico
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
LEM Working Paper Series 2008/20
Abstract: 
This paper presents a multidimensional empirical analysis of firm growth. Exploiting census data on Italian manufacturing firms, 1989-1997, we estimate a reduced-form VAR to analyze the co-evolution of employment growth, sales growth, growth of profits and labour productivity growth. Our main findings suggest that (i) employment growth precedes sales growth; (ii) productivity growth lacks any strong association with subsequent growth of the other indicators; (iii) profits growth represents the 'absorbing dimension' of the growth processes. This picture contrasts with 'accelerator models', predicting sales are the driver of the growth process, and is also at odds with theories of firm-industry evolution assuming productivity or profits advantages to be the driver of strong market selection/reallocation mechanisms. Instead, the findings reveal the existence of (weak) Penrose and (strong) Kaldor-Verdoorn effects, and more generally convey the view that employment growth is the key driver of firm expansion, while profits, once made, are not reinvested.
Subjects: 
Firm Growth
Panel VAR
Employment Growth
Industrial Dynamics
Productivity Growth
JEL: 
C30
D20
L20
L25
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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