Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89183
Authors: 
Koppensteiner, Martin Foureaux
Manacorda, Marco
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
IDB Working Paper Series IDB-WP-416
Abstract: 
This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics natality and mortality data between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence -measured by homicide rates- on birth outcomes. Focusing on small communities, where it is more plausible that local homicide rates reflect actual exposure to violence, the analysis shows that exposure to violence during pregnancy leads to deterioration in birth outcomes: one extra homicide during the first trimester of pregnancy increases the probability of low birthweight by around 6 percent. Results are particularly pronounced among children of poorly educated mothers, implying that violence compounds the disadvantage that these children already suffer as a result of their households' lower socioeconomic status.
JEL: 
I12
I14
J13
J88
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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