Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89179
Authors: 
Ludena, Carlos
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
IDB Working Paper Series IDB-WP-186
Abstract: 
This paper analyzes total factor productivity growth in agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean between 1961 and 2007 employing the Malmquist Index, a non-parametric methodology that uses data envelopment analysis (DEA) methods. The results show that among developing regions, Latin America and the Caribbean shows the highest agricultural productivity growth. The highest growth within the region has occurred in the last two decades, especially due to improvements in efficiency and the introduction of new technologies. Within the region, land-abundant countries consistently outperform land-constrained countries. Within agriculture, crops and non-ruminant sectors have displayed the strongest growth between 1961 and 2001, and ruminant production performed the worst. Additional analysis of the cases of Brazil and Cuba illustrates potential effects of policies and external shocks on agricultural productivity; policies that do not discriminate against agricultural sectors and that remove price and production distortions may help improve productivity growth.
Subjects: 
Total factor productivity
Agriculture
Crops
Livestock
Latin America and the Caribbean
Malmquist Index
JEL: 
O13
O47
O54
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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