Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89148
Authors: 
Jemio, Luis Carlos
Candia, Fernando
Evia, Jose Luis
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
IDB Working Paper Series IDB-WP-103
Abstract: 
This paper analyzes reforms and counter-reforms in Bolivia in recent decades and their effects on the policymaking process (PMP) and productivity. Bolivia’s PMP has shifted from a formal representative democracy to a “participative and direct type of democracy” where street protest and other non-conventional forms of political participation have become dominant. While reforms have increased productivity, they have failed to secure the political support necessary to assure long-term sustainability. In contrast, counter-reforms have so far enjoyed extensive political support, but productivity has stagnated since this process started, with declining economic growth and job creation—developments likely to undermine support for the counter-reform process. The document stresses the need to rebuild a consensus around a PMP capable of increasing productivity and employment creation while restoring social cohesion.
Subjects: 
Bolivia
Productivity
Policy Making Process
Reform
Counter-Reform
JEL: 
A10
E61
E65
O21
O47
O54
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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