Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/89123
Authors: 
Melgar, Natalia
Rossi, Maximo
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
IDB Working Paper Series IDB-WP-195
Abstract: 
Past research has provided evidence of the role of some personal characteristics as risk factors for depression. However, few studies have examined jointly their specific impact and whether country characteristics change the probability of being depressed. In general, this is due to the use of single-country databases. The aim of this paper is to extend previous findings by employing a much larger dataset and including the country effects mentioned above. The paper estimates probit models with country effects and explores linkages between specific environmental factors and depression using data from the 2007 Gallup Public Opinion Poll. Findings indicate that depression is positively related to being a woman, adulthood, divorce, widowhood, unemployment and low income. Moreover, there is evidence of the significant positive association between inequality and depression, especially for those living in urban areas. Finally, some population’s characteristics facilitate depression (age distribution and religious affiliation).
Subjects: 
Depression
Health
Well-being
Cross-country research
JEL: 
D01
I10
I12
J18
Z13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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