Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/88525
Authors: 
Dreger, Christian
Wang, Tongsan
Zhang, Yanqun
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
DIW Discussion Papers 1341
Abstract: 
The Chinese growth miracle was based on exports and investment in recent years. While strong output growth has been maintained even during the financial crisis, the imbalances within the country increased. To return to a more sustainable path of development, policies are directed to improve the role of private consumption. However, the institutional framework is an impediment to the transformation, as it weakens the incentives of households to consume. Besides a low degree of social security and highly regulated financial markets, we stress the relevance of the hukou system as the main driver for modest consumption, especially in recent years. After controlling for different income levels, the average propensity to consume is significantly lower for migrants, as their access to public services is limited. The downward pressure on consumption will increase in the future. The urbanization strategy of the government will likely raise the number of migrants with limited hukou rights, if it is not accompanied by respective reforms. Therefore, the transformation towards consumption driven growth is endangered without further reforms.
Subjects: 
chinese private consumption
urbanization strategy
hukou system
JEL: 
E21
O15
R23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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