Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/86090
Authors: 
de Blaeij, Arianne
van Vuuren, Daniel
Year of Publication: 
2001
Series/Report no.: 
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 01-027/3
Abstract: 
In this paper we study the risk perception of traffic participants. Firstly, we give an overviewof previously used methodologies for the monetary valuation of transport safety. Thesemethodologies do not distinguish between the individual's assessment of probabilities and hervaluation of possible outcomes. A great disadvantage of these approaches is therefore that onehas to make the assumption that people correctly perceive the probabilities. Prospect theorydoes not make this assumption. Our procedure, which is based on this methodology, consistsof three steps. The first step is to determine the certainty equivalent for avoiding roadaccidents. The second step is the elicitation of the utility function. The final step is theelicitation of the probability weighting function. With this information we directly obtain theperceived value of the probability for accident Ai.The first, tentative, results show that the valuation of losses is wellrepresented by a utility function that is concave in shape. Secondly, ourpreliminary results show that when people have to choose whether or not toparticipate in a potentially risky activity with a low probability of the badoutcome (say ? 1/100), they base their decision on the possible outcomes ofthe activity rather than on the probabilities involved. The empiricalconclusion is therefore that people base their final decision mainly on thepossible outcomes and not so much on probabilities whenever there are verysmall probabilities involved.
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
225.36 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.