Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/86073
Authors: 
de Kok, Jan
Uhlaner, Lorraine M.
Year of Publication: 
2001
Series/Report no.: 
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 01-038/3
Abstract: 
This paper examines the relationship between organization contextual variables and humanresource management (HRM) practices in small firms. The proposed model is based on anintegration of theoretical perspectives, including the resource-based approach, institutionaltheory, transaction cost economics (TCE), and concepts from strategic management. The model isexplored empirically, with qualitative and quantitative analyses of data collected from a sample ofsixteen small Dutch firms. Specific contextual variables examined include company size, thepresence of a collective labor agreement, having a large firm associate, either as supplier,purchasing group or franchiser, and the company's strategic orientation toward growth (growthstrategy). An important finding is the significance of having a large firm associate. Companies witha large firm associate are more likely to report having employer-based training programs. Aspredicted, company size is associated with more formal HRM practices, including greater regularityof performance appraisal and greater likelihood of employer-based training. A weak relationship isfound between a more growth-oriented strategy and greater formality of these two HRM practices.Predictions based on collective labor agreements are not supported. The paper concludes that thefindings warrant further research on the relationship between organization contextual variablesand the formalization of HRM practices, although a clearer definition of the latter variable isneeded in future research.
Subjects: 
firm behavior
labor relations
personnel management
small and medium-sized enterprises
JEL: 
D21
D23
J50
L20
M12
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
140.4 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.