This paper investigates the age-dependency of participation andunemployment by integrating job search with intertemporal optimizing behaviorof finitely-lived households. We find that search frictions and tax ratesdistort the decisions of older workers to a much larger extent than that ofyoung workers. This finding provides an explanation of the observed fall ofparticipation rates of elder workers as a result of the post-war increase intax rates and replacement rates. We show that the age pattern of searchunemployment does not match observed unemployment and we propose a new conceptof 'voluntary' unemployment that agrees well with observations.
search frictions labor supply life cycle unemployment retirement.