Sonnemans, Joep H. van Dijk, Frans van Winden, Frans A.A.M.
Year of Publication:
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 99-093/1
Economic behavior often takes place in groups of small numbers of peopleinteracting with each other (like work teams, neighborhoods, socialnetworks, etc.). Characteristic of such interaction is the development of(affective) interpersonal relationships, or social ties. According tosociologists, the embeddedness of economic behavior in networks of socialties has a profound impact on economic performance. Although, in economics,there is a growing awareness of the significance of social factors, thestudy of social dynamics is still in its infancy. In this paper weinvestigate experimentally the development of social ties structures, andthereby the formation of informal groups, through economic interaction in apublic good environment. It turns out that complicated dynamics arise fromindividual differences in social value orientation and (affective) responsepatterns. Our findings point at the importance of leadership in controllingand channeling emotions and sentiments to build effective groups, liketeams or communities. This leads to a different perspective on managementthan the one provided by standard agency theory.
Laboratory Individual Behavior Public Goods Relation of Economics to Social Values