Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/84656
Authors: 
Naudé, Wim
Year of Publication: 
2007
Series/Report no.: 
WIDER Discussion Papers, World Institute for Development Economics (UNU-WIDER) 2007/03
Abstract: 
Geography causes African countries to experience a ‘proximity gap’. To overcome this gap a ‘big push’ may be needed in infrastructure. The cross-border nature of such infrastructure requires regional cooperation in at least four issues: transport infrastructure, trade facilitation, decentralization and local economic development, and migration. Because incentives for regional cooperation in these aspects may not be symmetrical, commitments made may not be credible. Therefore, transport infrastructure at least should be bound in WTO rules on trade facilitation to provide third party enforcement. Incentives for cooperation could also be improved with transport corridor design and collective peer pressure by landlocked countries. Regional cooperation could be supported by the international community with aid, the assurance of full implementation and adherence to international law on the rights of landlocked countries to access to the sea, the extension of appropriate trade preferences to African regions and ensuring consistency of international agreements and trade preferences with current regional integration initiatives.
Subjects: 
Africa
poverty gaps
proximity
geographical economics
infrastructure
regional cooperation
JEL: 
O55
O18
O19
F15
R41
ISBN: 
978-92-9230-001-2
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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